The landlocked country of Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa. It borders Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. The official languages are French and Arabic. The colours of the national flag - blue, red and yellow - symbolise the sky and hope, the sun and the desert, as well as progress and unity.
Virtually untouched and mostly uninhabited
With its 1,284,000 km², Chad is 3.5 times larger than Germany and yet home to a modest 13.2 million people. While Germany has an average of 226.5 inhabitants per square kilometre, in the more populated southern Chad this average is only 14-41. In northern Chad this number drops significantly, with 0-14 inhabitants per km².
A varied climate
A third of the country is made up of the sand and rock of the Sahara desert. The highest mountain of the Sahara lies in the north, rising to up to 3,445 metres. Central Chad is dominated by the arid Sahelian belt, with its savanna and sandy plains, and the south by tropical humid rainforest. The natural wonder of Chad connects three very different climates with each other.
Water - the building block of life
Water has great meaning to the people of Chad. The name of the country itself means great water, and emphases the importance of its presence and availability. Rivers like the Chari and Logone, as well as Lake Chad and the Lakes of Ounianga, are crucial to the survival of the people, animals and plant-life of the country.
Sparse volcanic landscapes, giant craters, peaks as high as the Alps. An area three times the size of Switzerland, void of human life and still largely unexplored. That's the Tibesti.